Docker: Volumes and Networking

Docker Volumes and Networking:


Volumes are a way to store, connect or map the
data from the container to the host machine.

Anonymous volume

How to create?

  • -v /app/src flag with docker run
  • VOLUME [ "/app/src" ] in docker file

Not used usually because when we create a new
container, a new anonymous volume will be created and we won’t have the data from the previous container’s volume if the previous container was removed. If the previous container
exists, we can use --volume-from <PREV-CONTAINER-NAME> flag with docker run to connect the same volume to the new container.

Named volume

How to create?

  • -v src:/app/src flag with docker run

It will create a mapping of /app/src in the
container to the src name in the host machine.
The path of the volume on the host machine will
be the default path of volumes in the docker.

And if we specify the same name src for multiple containers, they will access the same volume on
then host machine.

Bind Mounts

How to create?

  • -v /absolute/path/to/dir/in/host/src:/app/src with docker run

It’s functionality is same as that of a Named volume, but in this case, we will know exactly where the volume is in our local system. We can also use this to listen to the code changes on our system and have a watch mode setup in the container to re-build the changes.

Metadata of volumes

To list all volumes

$ docker volume ls

Information of volumes

$ docker volume inspect <VOLUME-HASH>$ docker volume inspect <VOLUME-NAME>


Requests to World Wide Web

This works out-of-the-box inside a container.

Request to services running on host machine

Replace localhost with host.docker.internal. Docker translates host.docker.internal to the IP address of the container’s host machine as seen from inside the container.

Requests to another container

There are multiple ways to do this

  1. We can use docker container inspect <CONTAINER-ID> to get the IP of the container and use that instead
    of localhost.
  2. Bind all containers to ports on the host machine and use host.docker.internal to communicate. But this will consume the ports of the host machine.
  3. A better way would be to use docker networks
  • Create a network
$ docker network create my-network 
  • List all network
$ docker network ls 
  • Create/Run all containers with the network specified. And then, use the names of the containers in-place of localhost to communicate with that container.
$ docker run -d --rm --network my-network <SOME-IMAGE>

Docker network drivers

Docker Networks actually support different kinds of “Drivers” which influence the behaviour of the Network.

The default driver is the “bridge” driver - Containers can find each other by name if they are
in the same Network.

The driver can be set when a Network is created, simply by adding the --driver option.

$ docker network create --driver bridge my-net

Of course, if you want to use the “bridge” driver,
you can simply omit the entire option since “bridge
is the default anyways.

Docker also supports these alternative drivers -
though you will use the “bridge” driver in most cases:

  • host: For standalone containers, isolation between container and host system is removed (i.e. they share localhost as a network)

  • overlay: Multiple Docker daemons (i.e. Docker running on different machines) are able to connect with each other. Only works in “Swarm” mode which is a dated / almost deprecated way of connecting multiple containers

  • macvlan: You can set a custom MAC address to a container - this address can then be used for communication with that container

  • none: All networking is disabled.

Third-party plugins: You can install third-party plugins which then may add all kinds of behaviours and functionalities.


  1. Online Gaming | Casino & Hotel - JSM Hub
    Get tickets and discover the best 고양 출장안마 games at JSM Hub. with the largest 아산 출장안마 gaming 익산 출장마사지 floor of 천안 출장마사지 JSM's 24/7, JSM's 16,000 square foot gaming floor offers a premium 평택 출장마사지


Post a Comment